Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has been sworn in for a second term after his Congress party won a decisive victory in parliamentary elections.
The 76-year-old economist took the oath of office Friday during a ceremony at the presidential palace in New Delhi.
Nineteen Cabinet ministers were also sworn in, including senior ministers who served in Mr. Singh's previous government.
Congress party leaders say they will focus on the plight of the poor, India's security and promoting tolerance between Hindus and Muslims.
Mr. Singh's new term began in the middle of a dispute with a key coalition partner over Cabinet posts. The regional DMK party from southern India did not join the government coalition Friday because it was offered fewer Cabinet posts than it wanted.
The new Cabinet Minister, Jaipal Reddy, predicted the DMK would join the coalition next week when more ministers are named.
The Congress-led alliance has enough members to govern without the regional DMK party.
Mr. Singh is in a more commanding position since the ruling party decided the new coalition should not include communists, who were in the previous government. Party officials say this will give them more flexibility in advancing their domestic and foreign policies.